How to Improve Reading Comprehension Skills?

Reading comprehension abilities must be developed for early readers beginning with picture books. It will assist school-age children in grasping textbooks, newspapers, and other more sophisticated texts as they age.

Parents frequently wonder why their children cannot understand what is being read to or by them. Reading comprehension meaning can be described as the job that the brain does. The phrase refers to the ability to read, process, and comprehend text.

Reading comprehension is dependent on word reading and language comprehension. The capacity to decode symbols on a page is referred to as reading. Language comprehension, on the other hand, refers to the ability to understand words and sentences.

What is Reading Comprehension?

Reading comprehension is the capacity to read, decode, and comprehend sentences. The phenomenon is driven by three major factors: decoding, vocabulary capabilities, and fluency. Reading comprehension is the ability to connect words with their respective meanings and then make sense of the entire phrase.

Knowing the meanings of individual words and how to connect them is not sufficient to fulfill the aim of reading. Reading requires comprehending and combining words into sentences until they make perfect sense.

Components of Reading Comprehension

Some of the components of reading comprehension are-

1. Decoding

2. Vocabulary

3. Fluency

4. Sentence formation and cohesion

5. Working memory and attention

6. Reasoning and background knowledge

From decoding the words to understanding their meaning when placed together, the children require help to put these components together.

Decoding means decrypting what they read and comprehending the meaning for themselves.

The ability to understand the meaning of words is known as vocabulary. One of the simplest examples of reading comprehension is knowing that chance and opportunity mean the same thing and can improve knowledge of the entire sentence.

The ability to recognize the words that students read is what defines fluency. Fluency might lengthen the time it takes to read sentences.

The capacity to understand how sentences are constructed is referred to as sentence formation and cohesion. Understanding how sentences form and connect with one another increases reading comprehension.

Working memory and attention are similar yet have different meanings. Working memory and attention help kids remember what they read.

The reader’s connection with what they read is based on their reasoning and background knowledge. As a result, knowing the background of the topic offers the reader an advantage in remembering the information. They can relate to the issue if they are familiar with it prior to reading.

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Here are some simple and efficient techniques on how to improve reading comprehension skills so they can better understand the classroom curriculum:

1. Read Aloud

This encourages kids to read more slowly, giving them more time to comprehend what they read and thereby improving reading comprehension. Furthermore, children are not only seeing but also hearing the speech!

2. Personalize the Content

Students might have a better understanding of the content by considering how it relates to their own lives. Encourage your kids to make personal connections with the text by having them write them down on the page. You can also help students understand the book by pointing out connections to current events.

3. Make Time to Read Every Day

Practice is one of the most efficient ways to improve your skills. Reading takes practice, and you can set aside 10 to 15 minutes every day to do so. You can read news stories, fiction, magazine issues, or any type of literature as long as you exercise your reading skills.

4. Read in Portions

By breaking up long, complex readings, you can make them more readable. Shorter parts will assist kids recall information as the class discusses the materials. It can also help kids gain confidence in their understanding of a difficult subject.

5. Provide Books at the Right Level

Make sure your school-aged reader receives enough practice reading books that aren’t too difficult. They should be able to recognize at least 90% of the words without any assistance. Stopping more than once to figure out a word makes it difficult for children to focus on the broader message of the story.

6. Talk About What They’re Reading

This “verbal processing” helps kids remember and think about the book’s topics. To encourage reading comprehension, ask questions before, during, and after a session.


Reading comprehension abilities are important to a student’s learning. The more kids who lack it, the more difficult it is for them to concentrate on their academics. It becomes difficult for the child after a while not being able to understand what the statements mean. Children are mentally influenced, especially when they are surrounded by students of varying abilities. Because the problem is so prevalent among students, teachers and schools are working hard to assist students to overcome it. Choosing the best CBSE school in Ahmedabad like Satyameva Jayate International School can provide a better atmosphere for your child to live and grow in.

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